WINGS FOR LIFE

The Summer Advanced Training Course is gruelling but invaluable

BY: ARMY CADET LEAGUE OF CANADA

Unless you are in the military or Army Cadets, the parachutist wings may not mean much to you. In fact many wonder why some have the desire to jump out of a perfectly functioning aircraft. If you are a member of the Canadian Armed Forces, another military agency, or are an Army Cadet, then you are well aware of the prestige and respect given to those wearing the para wings on their uniforms as it is one of the most physically and mentally challenging courses one might put themselves through in their Canadian Armed Forces careers.

For Army Cadets, the highly coveted Summer Advanced Training Course has the same prestige, challenges and rewards as it does for CAF members. 50 qualifying Senior Army Cadets — 17- and 18-year-olds from across the country — take part in this gruelling four-week course at the Canadian Army Advanced Warfare Centre in Trenton, Ontario each summer. For many of the young men and women enrolled in the Army Cadets program, this is the one course they strive for early on in their cadet training.

While the standards for selection and completion of the Basic Parachute Course are the same for Army Cadets and the CAF, Army Cadets must train harder, sweat more and push their physical and mental limits further. Only 50 of 18,000 Army Cadets are selected per year meaning the bare minimum physical requirements are just not good enough.

As a civilian, who has never been a cadet or member of the CAF, sits behind a desk writing this article, I came to realize that I do not have the experience to clearly convey what this course really means to these young individuals. So, instead of trying to do so, I thought it would simply be best to have you read about it from the cadets themselves.

In a recently published article in On-Target (visit www.armycadetleague.ca), C/CWO Giesbrecht of 2812 RCACC Surrey, a graduate from last summer, sums up quite clearly the desire a young Army Cadet has to reach this personal goal:

“The Basic Military Parachute Course was by far one of the hardest, most rewarding and most life-altering journeys of my cadet career. I call it a journey because it was not just a summer training course, nor just a pair of wings to put on my uniform; it was a goal that was conceived in my 12-year-old mind at the beginning of my cadet career and the series of events, hard work and training that eventually led to me earning my jump wings and, more importantly, proving to myself that I could do it.”

C/MWO Declan Fitzpatrick, from 1596 RCACC Kitchener and C/CSM of this summer’s Basic Para Course 157, shares not only that he had the same desire from the start but where his strong desire and perseverance to succeed got him:

“Completing the Basic Parachute Course had been a goal of mine since I found out about this unique opportunity shortly after joining the cadet program in 2009. At first, it was all about getting to jump, however, the further into the course I got, the more I realized the scale of what I was doing and how much more it actually meant. Completing the course provided me with such a huge sense of pride and accomplishment. It was hard work, both physically and mentally, right from the start. Having not been initially selected, I felt that I had to prove myself worthy of the position off the stand-by list as I worked toward achieving this long-time personal goal. This additional motivation resulted in me being selected as the Top Cadet for my course last summer and the opportunity to return for a second summer as the C/CSM for the 2016 serial. In summary, the Basic Parachute Course is the most prestigious accomplishment I have achieved through the Army Cadet program and is an extremely rewarding experience you can’t find anywhere else.”

Now, although one may have developed the desire to strive for this course from the moment they joined Army Cadets, it is also important to explain that there is a process each candidate must get through before they become one of the 50 Para Course Cadets. C/CWO Giesbrecht shares:

“My first challenge was getting selected for Pre-Para [Course]. That also happened to be the easiest part. I had four years to train physically and mentally as well as keep up a great cadet record. I trained my body by routinely doing push-ups, chin ups, lots of running, core exercises, and more. I trained my mind by constantly pushing myself beyond what I thought I could achieve. I was the only person that could push me hard enough to accomplish my goal, and that I did. Next thing I knew, I was on the bus heading to Vernon, BC. That brought me to my second challenge … making it through the gruelling, infamous Pre-Para, about which one only hears horror stories. Not only did I have to complete the course, but I also had to be selected as one of five from BC to be recommended for the jump course. Now I can’t give away all of the trade secrets (that would ruin the surprise for the upcoming candidates), but what I will say is that week in Vernon was by far the most stressful, physically demanding and rewarding week of my life. Not only was I trying to keep up with the vigorous training, but I also needed to outperform two thirds of the candidates along the way.”

Once selected, the cadets go through the gruelling physical and classroom training, and face another set of challenges. C/CWO Keaton McLean, member of the 318 RCACC Woodstock, recalls “I had to master knowledge of the equipment and how it worked in four weeks as well as the techniques of jumping and landing.” Sherman Ho, from BC, who graduated from the Para Course in 2012 and who has since graduated from the program as well, adds: “After endless days of training and lessons, it was tough to keep a strong mindset and to focus on what really mattered: teamwork and leadership. I’ve learned many things from this course, and teamwork and leadership were on top of my list for things that I really got from taking this course. Trusting your peers and working together was a major factor in having success in this course.”

To complete the course, each candidate must meet every challenging criteria of the course, both on the field and in the classroom in addition to successfully landing five jumps, including one at night. Capt Israël R. Jean, Officer Commanding Basic Para Course 157 (2016), Foxtrot Para Company, explains what he has witnessed from cadets taking on each of these challenges one by one:

“In 2013, I had the profound privilege of becoming the Escort Officer on the Cadet Basic Parachute Course. I witnessed cadets from all over Canada achieve their goals through hard work, dedication, perseverance and — most importantly — through teamwork. As a result, I have a very strong appreciation for the Basic Parachute Course as it provides young men and women with the opportunity to push through personal challenges to find their perceived limits and then to find the courage and strength to push past them in order to reach their intended goal. These are the same kind of challenges that I faced on my personal   journey to becoming a qualified Basic Parachute Jumper and that I frequently reflect on as I tackle other challenges that daily life provides. Now, three years later, I have the unique opportunity to pass on my knowledge and experience, and to mentor some of Canada’s best cadets on the upcoming Basic Parachute Course 157 as the 2016 Officer Commanding Basic Para, and look forward to sharing this unique opportunity with this year’s team. AIRBORNE!

 Throughout the years we have seen several outstanding Army Cadets graduate from this course. The wings represent the heart and soul they put into accomplishing this tremendous challenge. Not only are they proud to graduate from the program with them on their cadet uniform, they have also earned the right to transfer the coveted wings qualification insignia onto their CAF uniforms should they consider a career with the Forces. As C/WO Skyler Richardson of the 2444 RCACC Kentville, a candidate for the upcoming summer course states: “The ability to get your wings before you’re even with the Forces is something I can’t even imagine.”

In closing, past cadet Sherman Ho states best how he felt it changed his life forever: “This course really put the ARMY in Army Cadets. I aged out being a C/MWO in 2012 and having wings on my chest during my last ever Annual Ceremonial Review was the best feeling and possibly the greatest accomplishment of my life. Without this course I don’t think I would have the attitude or the success I have in my life today.” Whether a cadet pursues a military career or not, the wings and what they represent, enhance their lives forever. They are wings for life.

CADET CORNER

CADET PROGRAM: EVOLVING TO MEET THE NEEDS OF FUTURE GENERATIONS

By Major Doug Keirstead, National Cadet, and Junior Canadian Rangers Support Group

In looking to the future, it is important to consider from where we came. The Cadet Program traces its roots to the late 1800s, when Army Cadets first came into existence through a school program mandated to train boys over the age of 12 in military skills and drill. During the First World War, Army Cadets thrived, with more than 64,000 cadets enrolled, thousands of whom volunteered to serve Canada overseas once they became of age. Interest in Army Cadets diminished between the two wars only to be significantly revived during the Second World War as Canadians looked, once again, to instil leadership and military attributes in youth.

Well aware of the benefits, both the Navy and the Air Force also took an interest in developing cadet programs. In 1917, the Navy League of Canada established the Boy’s Naval Brigade to encourage young men toward a seafaring career and to provide basic training in citizenship and seamanship. In 1941, the Air Cadet League of Canada was incorporated to work in partnership with the Royal Canadian Air Force to sponsor and educate young men in leadership and aircrew familiarization.

National Defence Headquarters began playing a more prominent role in coordinating the Cadet Program across Canada with unification of the Canadian Armed Forces in the 1960s. The focus also changed from training future military members to developing community leaders and good citizens.

The Army Cadet League of Canada was officially formed in 1971 to work with the Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces in support of Army Cadets. That same year, the Cadet Instructors List (now the Cadet Instructors Cadre) was established, replacing its predecessor organizations within each of the Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian Army and Royal Canadian Air Force. Young women were officially introduced to the program in 1975.

There have been many changes throughout the Cadet Program’s vibrant history, but what hasn’t changed are the program’s fundamental principles and positive impact on participants long after their experience in Cadets. Today’s program remains open and welcoming to all Canadian youth, instils military values, develops leadership, citizenship and promotes a healthy lifestyle in its participants, all in an environment that balances safety with challenging training and strives to leave a positive lifelong impact.

While the Cadet Program has evolved well beyond its wartime roots, the poignant words said during a 1933 provisional school lecture for qualifying cadet instructors in Ottawa are still relevant:

“The time may come when we can do without armies, but it is not thought that the time will ever come when we shall be able to do without the military virtues of courage, loyalty, qualities of leadership, and the spirit of sacrifice and fair play. Those qualities are best taught through experience of discipline, cooperation, and the habit of obedience, all of which are taught to cadets.”

These values have continued to form the basis of the cadet experience and you don’t need to look very far to see the impact on Canadian society. One of Canada’s newest astronauts, Lieutenant-Colonel Jeremy Hansen, Manitoba Telecom Services senior executive Heather Tulk, and even our own Chief of the Defence Staff, General Jonathan Vance, are just a few of those who credit the Cadet Program with helping to shape them into the people they are today. Today’s cadets eagerly follow in their footsteps, and they will without a doubt be the next Canadians to walk in space, lead institutions, or perhaps even lead our nation through the next few decades and beyond.

And so, in 2016, change is yet again upon us. We are in the midst of a five-year Renewal of the Cadet Program, a complete overhaul if you will, that will ensure the program’s relevance and value to Canadians for years to come. In every respect, we are being deliberate and meticulous in everything we do to deliver the best possible program for today’s youth, while ensuring that it continues to evolve in meeting the needs of future generations.

The goal of Renewal is to find innovative ways to take advantage of every opportunity to ensure the programs remain relevant and sustainable, now and well into the future. And so far, it looks like it’s going well, according to Brigadier-General Kelly Woiden, Commander of the National Cadet and Junior Canadian Rangers Support Group.

“We have been making and continue to make progress,” says BGen Woiden, who leads the cadet organization from the national headquarters in Ottawa. “We have built a solid foundation that will set us up for future success, ultimately leading to a program that appeals to more cadets, is more easily administered by staff, and reaches more youth and communities.”

One example of Renewal’s early success is a new governance model that now gives Cadet Leagues, local sponsors, cadets and Corps and Squadron staff a greater voice in the management of the program. Renewal has also streamlined the leadership and management of the cadet organization, with one national commander now responsible for the delivery of the Cadet Program across Canada, and is now in the early stages of reorganizing the program’s support structure — creating a stronger network of service and support for local Cadet Corps and Squadrons.

“We are now in the early stages of implementing a new structure that will fundamentally change the way we support the delivery of the Cadet Program,” explains BGen Woiden. “These positive changes mean a more service support-oriented approach that will ensure we remain focused on what matters most — the experience of cadets training in their local communities.”

One of the most significant aims of Renewal is to ensure that at least 50 per cent of the funding available to the Cadet Program is focused on the community level. This means that there will be more resources available to deliver an exciting, engaging and high-quality program at every Corps and Squadron.

So far, Renewal has managed to identify and reinvest over $15 million to support the delivery of the program at the community level. Examples include the new Field Training Uniforms, which have been issued to all army cadets, and the $30 per cadet that is now allocated yearly to give Corps and Squadrons more sports and fitness opportunities.

“We’re still exploring and identifying opportunities for more reinvestments,” says BGen Woiden. “We will continue to rely on our program stakeholders to help identify these opportunities and other innovative ways to grow the program.”

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The majority of Renewal efforts and those that are yet to come are particularly relevant for everyone out there working and training at Corps and Squadrons. One team is looking for ways to improve rewards and recognition for cadets, while others are working to reduce administration, increase opportunities to learn more about the role of the Canadian Armed Forces, modernize cadet uniforms and make suggestions to create a more flexible program that will fit more easily with cadets’ busy lives, and ensure a more modern and streamlined flow of information across the organization.

Along with Renewal, BGen Woiden is emphasizing that everyone involved in the Cadet Program must recognize the incredible responsibility we hold in protecting the youth in our care. “To be absolutely clear, the protection, safety and welfare of cadets is my highest priority — I will not tolerate harmful or inappropriate sexual behaviour involving cadets, their instructors or anyone involved in the Cadet Program,” says BGen Woiden. “There is no grace period — it is absolutely critical that we maintain a safe and positive environment for our cadets and their leaders.”

Indeed, the table is being set for a strong Cadet Program for generations to come. “I’m looking forward to seeing the end result of our efforts,” says BGen Woiden. “Young Canadians are our future, and cadets clearly demonstrate that our future is in great hands. There can be no greater honour for all of us than having played even a small part in their success.” 


 

 

The Battle of Vimy Ridge:

ARMY CADETS COMMEMORATE CANADA'S EPIC GREAT WAR VICTORY BY STANDING VIGIL 

By The Army Cadet League of Canada

From Volume 23 Issue 3 (April 2016)

Canadians all know the importance of Remembrance Day, when we so respectfully remember our fallen soldiers and honour our veterans every year. In 1918, 1100 hours on November 11 (the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month) was a significant moment for Canadians as it marked the end of World War I — the exact time when the Axis and Allies stopped fighting.

Many of us attend Remembrance Day commemorative ceremonies for personal reasons. It may be that a family member took part in one of the many battles in which Canadians fought bravely throughout history. We carefully and respectfully attend these important ceremonies to honour the memory of those who fought for a just cause and have allowed us to live a life in freedom and safety.

Each branch of the Canadian military has fought significant battles, which are commemorated annually. For the Royal Canadian Navy, it is the Battle of the Atlantic and for the Royal Canadian Air Force it is the Battle of Britain. On each of these significant dates, our Armed Forces, veterans and cadets take part in ceremonies and have beenfor many years.

In the case of the Canadian Army, the most significant combat came at the Battle of Vimy Ridge, which occurred on April 9, 1917. Recently, Army Cadets across the country have taken on their own annual remembrance ceremonies for this great battle where our Canadian soldiers fought under the Canadian Ensign and distinguished themselves as brave and outstanding soldiers. This and their actions in the following 100 days earned Canada a seat at the Armistice negotiations at Versailles in 1919 and our country received recognition to stand as its own true nation rather than a Dominion.

On Easter Monday in 1917, in a freezing rainstorm and after four days of battle, the four divisions of the Canadian Corps, fighting side-by-side for the first time, captured Vimy Ridge. The Canadians succeeded where others had failed with dramatic losses. The victory at Vimy is said to be Canada’s “coming of age” as a nation. This victory, however, was not without a price: more than 10,000 casualties and, of those, almost 3,600 gave their lives for King and country.

Commemoration ceremonies now take place annually on Vimy Ridge Day at the National War Memorial in Ottawa, at the Canadian National Vimy Memorial in France, and in cities and towns across the country.

 Cadets from the 2784 Governor General Foot Guards Cadet Corps brave the rain while standing vigil at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in 2011. Similar to Easter Monay of 1917, the weather during the inaugural ceremony was cold and rainy (MICHEL ASBOTH). 

Cadets from the 2784 Governor General Foot Guards Cadet Corps brave the rain while standing vigil at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in 2011. Similar to Easter Monay of 1917, the weather during the inaugural ceremony was cold and rainy (MICHEL ASBOTH). 

In 2010, Canada marked the end of an era on Vimy Ridge Day with the passing of the last First World War veteran. Canadian youth were challenged to take up the torch of remembrance to preserve the memory of those who served, particularly between 1914 and 1918. The year 2011 marked the beginning of this new era, when The Royal Canadian Army Cadets commemorated the anniversary of the Battle of Vimy Ridge for the first time. Since then, Army Cadets all across Canada rise to the challenge each year to commemorate this anniversary.

 Cadets hold their vigil at the National War Memorial in the evening of April 8, 2011. (The Army Cadet League of Canada)

Cadets hold their vigil at the National War Memorial in the evening of April 8, 2011. (The Army Cadet League of Canada)

The Army Cadets’ commemorative ceremonies are unlike others as each unit chose how it would commemorate this great battle. When presented with the various ceremonial options, cadets from the National Capital Region, Halifax, St. John’s, Toronto, Regina, Winnipeg, Calgary, Edmonton, Vancouver, Victoria and other Canadian cities voted to remember Vimy in their own way.

For example, in the National Capital Region, cadets hold an overnight vigil to honour the soldiers who waited in cold, wet tunnels and trenches on the night of April 8 for the horrendous battle to begin in the early morning hours of April 9. As the history books state, the battle was held up due to the very bad weather on April 8. So it was on this date in 2011 that the very first Royal Canadian Army Cadet Battle of Vimy Vigil was held at the National War Memorial in Ottawa.

That evening, over 300 cadets paraded at dusk on the National War Memorial square for an official ceremony. They were at their finest and held their positions with pride as His Excellency the Right Honourable David Johnston, Governor General of Canada, walked through the rows of each unit on parade. The Governor General delivered a powerful speech about the importance of our youth and remembrance that set the tone for a very significant night for these young folks.

During the moment silence after The Last Post was played, a gull circled the war memorial calling out as it flew. It made the hair stand up on the necks of many of the soldiers present. Ironically, later that evening the rain started to pour and continued for the larger part of the night, which seemed to represent quite well the conditions the Canadian soldiers faced in 1917 and in which the cadets continued to bravely hold their posts. Throughout the night, cadets in teams of five took 20-minute shifts to stand vigil at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, himself a casualty at Vimy.

In the morning, although exhausted, these young cadets proudly handed over the parade to the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) members for the official April 9 ceremony with Chief of Defence Staff General Walter Natynczyk and a variety of other government and city officials. Army Cadets made such an impression that morning that, since then, they have become active members at the official parade at the National War Memorial along with the CAF members. In a small way, this devotion is an extension of what is the “Vimy Effect” that Gen. Rick Hillier refers to in his 2011 book Leadership. Vimy’s success, and the 100 days that followed, effectively changed Canadian attitudes not only in the military but also in government and business after the war.

Ceremonies and other commemorative activities organized by Army Cadet Corps from across the country continue to flourish and gain popularity in their local towns and communities. Since 2011 Army Cadets can proudly wear the Battle of Vimy pin created by The Vimy Foundation to honour Vimy Week.

It is with their affinity for Canadian military and regimental history that Army Cadets relate to this significant battle. With the 100th anniversary in 2017, we can be assured that Army Cadets from across the country will uphold this new tradition and, in many cases, some of them will proudly represent Canada in Vimy, France.

And once again this year, Army Cadets will turn out in the thousands to stand vigil and parade to honour those Canadians of 1917 who were not much older than the cadets of today when they faced the daunting challenge of the First World War. Today’s cadets will ponder after the bugle becomes silent that those Canadians on Vimy were not born heroes but were instead ordinary Canadians, like us, who when faced with a catastrophic choice, chose to stand and do their duty. Saying that they “paid the full measure” does not adequately describe them.

For more details about the Army Cadets Vimy Commemoration ceremonies visit http://www.armycadetleague.ca/news-events/vimy-commemoration/. To view photos of these annual ceremonies from across the country, visit https://www.facebook.com/RCACVimyEvents/